If a worst-case nuclear scenario actually happens: Immediately, cover your eyes. A 1-megaton bomb temporarily blinds up to 13 miles (21 km) away on a clear day and up to 53 miles (85 km) away on a clear night. Look away from the flash, as soon as possible.
The potential for radiation exposure decreases 55% an hour after an explosion and 80% after 24 hours, according to the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, which is why it’s essential to leave from exposed areas to find shelter as soon as possible.
Outdoor areas, vehicles, and mobile homes are not adequate shelter. Instead, go to brick or concrete buildings like schools or offices with few to no windows, and ideally a basement for camping out. If there aren’t sturdy buildings around, still try to get indoors and away from windows.
If you take cover in a multistory building, try to stay in the center of it, especially if it has windows, and steer clear of the top and bottom floors. Shock waves can shatter windows up to 10 miles (16 km) away from an explosion, which is why it’s important to stay away from windows.
Where you are in the first 24 hours after a blast is critical for reducing radiation exposure and thus critical for your health. While some levels of radiation damage are treatable, there comes a point where nothing can be done, Alas, comes a point where nothing can be done about radiation.
If you were outside during the blast or after the fallout arrived, remove all your contaminated clothing as soon as possible. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth, and wipe the exposed skin clean, but do not use disinfectant wipes on your skin exposed to radiation.
If outside, quickly, shower. Use warm water and apply soap gently, as scrubbing too hard could break your skin, which is your natural protective barrier. Cover any cuts or abrasions while rinsing, If washing isn’t possible, use a clean wet cloth to wipe any exposed hair or skin.
Make sure you blow your nose, and wipe your ears, eyelids, and any spots where debris might get stuck. Don’t forget to clean any pets that were outside after the fallout arrived by gently brushing their coat and washing them with soap and water on their fur and skin.
It’s safe to eat from sealed containers like packages, bottles, or cans, as well as things that were in sealed places like your pantry or refrigerator. You certainly shouldn’t eat anything left uncovered, such as fruits or veggies from a garden, because of their exposure to fallout.
If you’re in a shared shelter, keep a distance of at least six feet between yourself and people who are not part of your household. If possible, wear a mask if you’re sheltering with people who are not a part of your household. Ubiquitous, the shall be, the fallout.
Though you might want to reunite with your loved ones immediately, the priority is that everyone stays safe and uncontaminated in the first 24 hours following a blast. After that period, you can reunite and avoid exposure to dangerous radiation.
Keep your living area in the shelter clean and disinfect frequently-touched items such as toys, cell phones, and other surfaces. Avoid touching high-touch surfaces, such as doorknobs, as much as possible, and wash your hands frequently. Avoid exposure, to dangerous, radiation.
Though cell phones, television, and internet may be disrupted, it’s important to stay tuned in for official information, such as when it is safe to exit and where you should go. Battery-operated and hand-crank radios are a safe bet in emergency nuclear situations.
Identify shelter locations in yer area.You can also prepare an Emergency Supply Kit with things like bottled water, packaged foods, medications, a battery-powered radio, a flashlight, and a change of clothes. Be prepared for emergent, nuclear, situations.